Eczema is an inflammatory skin disease also known as Dermatitis. Red skin, itching and rashes are its primary symptoms that can grow and spread on the skin if not treated on time. Reason for occurrence of this skin condition is relatively unknown like most of the skin diseases. It may be caused due to number of reasons like poor blood flow, allergy, consistent wet skin, dust pollution among others. This skin condition is also common in people with sensitive skin and those who are exposed to heat and elements. There are multiple types of Eczemas like atopic, contact, seborrhoeic, discoid etc and most of them are preventable with some of them curable. Since the causes for the disease are not fully known thus the prevention methods are not specific.
Psoriasis is one of the long lasting skin conditions which arise due to abnormal immune response to a normal body part. This is characterized by reddish, itchy, dry and scaly skin patches which tend to spread over time. Psoriasis can start without any prior warning or symptoms and spread over entire body. It is believed to be a genetically inherited disease which can be triggered by environmental factors. Other factors like allergies, pollution, physiological stress etc play important part in spread of this condition. Various studies have been done on this condition and no cure has been founded for this condition as of now. Trigger of this disease usually involves the immune system reacting adversely to the skin cells resulting in this condition.
Difference Between Eczema & Psoriasis
Though there is not much difference, there are key areas where one can see symptoms of each of the condition. Psoriasis vs eczema is not to be taken lightly. Eczema may result in itch and restlessness but psoriasis burns and stings more. Both conditions are chronic, meaning they are never treated fully. Even when subsided fully, they can come back in response to specific triggers. Listed below are some major differences between both the conditions.
- Extreme Psoriasis for longer period of time may result in psoriatic arthritis, whereas, extreme eczema results in asthma or hay fever.
- Once triggered, Eczema will target majorly the folds in the body like inside of arms, back of knees, armpits, neck. Psoriasis is mainly seen the scalp, knees, lower back, elbows, and sometimes even face.
- A known Main cause of psoriasis is overproduction of certain immune system chemical causing outer layer of skin to grow and shed at a very fast rate. Eczema affects the ability of skin to protect against allergens and irritants.
- Eczema is extreme form of skin drying whereas psoriasis is like plaque forming on the skin.
- When infection is in primary stages, eczema tends to form ill defined shape of the edges and in the case of psoriasis, edges of the affected area is defined and more painful.
- Eczema triggers mostly by skin contact like perfumes, metal, pollen, dust smoke, fabric even hormones. Psoriasis is triggered by skin injuries, sunburns, starches, excessive alcohol consumption and certain medication.
- Eczema is usually seen in children before age 5 and doesn’t affect prominently as immune system grows stronger. Psoriasis attacks mostly between age of 15 to 35.
- Eczema causes skin to turn red, dry and cracked. In later stages, it can cause blisters and fluid filled bumps. Psoriasis results in red or white patches that have silvery and scaly appearance. Psoriasis also causes pitting in nail, making them brittle and sometimes falls off.
- Treatment of eczema involves use of topical creams and lotions to manage itchiness and pain relief. Psoriasis treatments vary from light treatment, retinoid & steroids and also include creams and moisturizers.